Well, not THE Langstroth hive, which invented by Rev. Lorenzo Langstroth in the 1850's. But a "Vermont Beehive" was patented in 1841 by Mr. John Weeks of Salisbury. As he explained in his promotional material, it was "the first improvement by which honey could be gotten without destroying the bees." Weeks was not alone in those fertiles years of the nation's first industrial revolution when inventors of all kinds were at work. Here in Vermont the Fairbanks Scale...
For this invention, Weeks received a silver medal from the American Institute of New York. The hive was widely used, until the Langstroth revolution.
Weeks also wrote a manual of beekeeping which sold more than 20,000 copies. He was described as a scientific farmer, in Addision County and was one of the founders of the Addison County Agricultural Society.